China insists that the Doklam outbreak is unlike any other border conflict between China and India. In response to comments by Foreign Ministry S Jaishankar that the two countries had peacefully resolved the border issue in the past, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang reiterated on July 12 that this problem was different .
It is difficult to predict what the Chinese could do. However, Geng gave an indication in the context of Kashmir, China “plays a constructive role in improving relations between Pakistan and India.”
A few days ago, a Chinese scholar suggested that Beijing could respond to the intervention of India in the Doklam tray enter Jammu and Kashmir in the name of Pakistan. Many in India would be surprised to know, but China’s official position is that Kashmir is a controversy that must be resolved by India and Pakistan.
More recently, in May this year, the Chinese Foreign Ministry said: “China’s position on the Kashmir issue is clear and consistent. This is a question that remains in the history between them. Pakistan and it should be Addressed by India and Pakistan through consultations and negotiation. ”
China shares this position with most countries, including the United States. The abandonment could be a serious setback for India as China is a member of the UN Security Council veto this. Any possible escalation, however, may not be as political as it is military.
Another victim could be the Sikkim-Tibet border agreement. China argues that the border was established by the 1890 Convention of India has not been said – and this is important.
In fact, the Declaration of 30 June does not mention the agreement. It simply refers to an “agreement whereby border points between India, China and other countries will be finalized in consultation with third countries”.
In an interview with The Wire earlier this month, former National Security adviser and special representative for the talks with China Shivshankar Menon said: “In 2012, the special representatives agreed that they would make trijunctions finalized in consultation with the third country in question.
This latest incident and the statements that this is Chinese territory are contrary to this understanding. “He referred to the special representatives designated by the two countries to help resolve border conflicts.
In other words, India does not accept China’s assertion that the Sikkim-Tibet border is established. Perhaps, Indian strategists believe that, as most of the border between China and India is discussed, why not add this 220km extension, especially since trijunion is of strategic importance?
In fact, there is a big difference in place names and interpretations of the border. The location of the same trijunction is discussed. India believes that it is Batangla, while China and the Convention of 1890, the ascent to Mount Gipmochi, 8 km to the southeast in a straight line.
The problem is that even the location of Gipmochi is in question, the confusion about a place called Gymochen: some databases identify it as the same place and others as different places about five kilometers.
And with respect to the question of borders, it is clear that war of words will not stop the Sikkim and Kashmir problems, and may even be the mother of all – Recognition of India to Tibet as part of China.